Q. What is the difference between an essay and a report?


Essays differ from reports in a number of ways: 

  • Essays require a different format or layout and a different style of writing; An essay requires the writer to argue, defend or justify a point of view with respect to a particular topic or question. To this end, essays require cohesive arguments embedded in complete and well-considered sentences and paragraphs.
  • In essays, bullet points and short phrases should be avoided, each new sentence should link to the previous one and each paragraph should link to the previous or next one.  
  • In essays, headings are not normally used so each new idea needs to be introduced within the paragraph structure.


  • A report is used to provide concise information, and in some cases, opinions on a specific subject.
  • A report should be structured so that readers are guided through the main points. All relevant information should be included so that readers will have a clear understanding of the key issues concerned.
  • Within reports new paragraphs or ideas can often be sequenced with headings.
  • Most reports follow a fairly standard format, but report layout may vary depending on the intended audience.
  • Last Updated Dec 06, 2018
  • Views 35
  • Answered By Caroline Spaans

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